Thursday, January 28, 2016

How it Works: Underwriting a Mortgage

How it Works: Underwriting a Mortgage: Freddie Mac's How It Works series looks at the different steps involved in underwriting a mortgage.



The underwriting process is basically divided into three parts.
1: Gathering and Verifying Your Information
Your lender, or your lender's loan officer, collects and verifies your personal information, from your employment history to your outstanding debts.
You'll be asked to give your lender permission to independently verify your information and obtain copies of your credit history.
Here's a short list of the information needed to begin underwriting your mortgage.
  • Employment: You'll be asked to document your current employment status and provide your job history, including the length and terms of employment.
  • Income and Assets: Income is used to calculate the size of the mortgage you can responsibly afford and the size of the down payment you'll need. Expect to provide proof of your primary income, such as copies of your W-2.

    You'll also be asked to document other income sources and assets the underwriter may be able to use to evaluate your mortgage eligibility. Assets can include anything from bank accounts, retirement funds, investments and rental property, to your car.
  • Debts: A list of your current debts – such as credit cards, auto loans, student loans – is needed to calculate your debt-to-income ratio. Underwriters use this ratio to determine if your available income will enable you to continue paying your outstanding debts and a new mortgage payment.
  • Credit Report: Your credit report from an independent credit bureau (Experian, Equifax,  or TransUnion) includes a record of your previous credit transactions (credit history) plus a credit score based on proprietary formulas developed by the respective bureaus This information is used to help determine your creditworthiness and the likelihood that you'll repay your mortgage.
2: Verifying Property Information
The appraised value of the property is another critical factor for determining how much you can borrow. Your lender will have the property you hope to buy professionally appraised to assess its physical condition, the condition of the surrounding site and neighborhood, and its value.
3: Putting It Altogether
Finally, the underwriter reviews all of your information, either manually or with the help of an automated underwriting system, like Freddie Mac's Loan Prospector®, to determine 1) your financial capacity to repay the mortgage, and 2) whether or not the mortgage you're applying for, and the house you hope to buy or refinance, meets your lender's requirements